The arduous overland journey across the plains by oxen or mules, and the long ocean voyage via Panama or around Cape Horn, brought to the early settlers a realization of their isolation from the remainder of the country.
A growing sentiment in the West and East favored a railroad that would bind the nation closer together.
Four parties of engineers went into the mountains early in 1861 under Judah's direction.
The reports led to incorporation and organization of the Central Pacific.
Southern Pacific is a monument to the enterprise and vision of Leland Stanford, Collis P. These Sacramento merchants, famed in later years as the "Big Four," became impressed with plans for a railroad east over the Sierra as conceived by Theodore D. Typical of the courage and daring that characterized the successful exploits of many western pioneers, the four associates launched the project, unmatched in all the story of rail transportation, without any one of them ever having been remotely connected with a construction project of greater magnitude than the erection of their own store buildings.
The first plan to receive consideration of Congress was one in 1836.
It is published by the Southern Pacific Bureau of News, 65 Market Street, San Francisco, and is a revision of the "75 Years of Progress" articles which first appeared in the Southern Pacific "Bulletin" during 1944.
from the East to signal completion of the first transcontinental railroad.
[See"Reports of Explorations and Surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, made under the direction of the Secretary of War, in 1853-4" Volumes I-XII.
Washington, Government Printing Office, 1855-61.] but intense factional rivalries among congressmen from the North and South frustrated every effort in behalf of a railroad. Withdrawal of the southern representatives left official Washington of one accord.
Its completion gave birth to a new era, and the expansion of its western lines is evidenced today in the far-flung properties of the Southern Pacific Company.